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16 August 2009

Vietnam’s population reaches 85.8m

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Vietnam’s population now ranks 13th in the world and 3rd amongst Asean countries, according the National Population and Housing Census 2009.

By April this year, Vietnam’s population was nearly 85.8 million, an increase of almost 9.5 million since 1999.

The average population growth rate of the country in the last ten years has been 1.2 per cent per year, decreasing by 0.5 per cent compared to the previous ten years. Vietnam now has more than 7,200 people aged more than 100.

Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi rank first and second for the country’s most populous cities with 7.1 and 6.5 million people, respectively. Provinces with the highest population are Thanh Hoa, Nghe An and Dong Nai. Binh Duong Province has seen its growth rate double in the past 10 years.

The country’s population is allocated unevenly with 43 percent living in the Hong (Red) River Delta and Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta regions, while only 19 percent inhabit the midland and mountainous areas of the north and central highland regions.

According to the census, the southeastern region has the highest population growth rate with 3.2 percent. An estimated 29.6 percent of the population lives in urban areas and is increasing 3.4 percent per year, while that of rural areas is only increasing 0.4 percent per year.


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