Spratlys attain self-sufficiency in food
The 30-month project run by the Institute of Agricultural Science for southern Viet Nam, which carries a budget of about VND3.5 billion (US$170,000), would be piloted on eight islands, said Ngo Quang Vinh, deputy director of the institute.
Under the project, 2,000-square metres of vegetable gardens would be planted and 500 green houses erected. Three to four kinds of fruit trees would also be planted on the islands, Vinh said.
The institute has also suggested that 300 agriculture ministry officials will be trained to transfer livestock breeding and cultivation techniques.
Le Viet Binh, deputy head of the agriculture ministry's southern office said: "The project is valuable for soldiers and residents on the islands."
A shortage of fresh water and cultivated land, combined with severe weather conditions meant the islanders found it difficult to be self-sufficient, Binh said.
He added that little research had been conducted on agricultural conditions in the archipelago. Vinh said local residents at the moment used jute bags and sheets of bamboo and metal to protect their vegetable gardens from the weather.
To enrich the soil on the islands, the institute plans to use coconut fibre as a natural fertiliser.
One of strong point of coconut fibre is that it is light, and can easily be transported to the islands, according to Vinh.
In addition, the institute plans to breed cows, pigs, chickens and ducks on the island. At the moment there are just 10 cows in the archipelago. The institute plans to increase that number to 20.
If the project was successful, local residents would be able to provide 80 per cent of their dietary needs, he said.
Until now, islanders have been dependent on food imported from mainland," Vinh added. Ownership of the Spratlys and the adjoining territorial seas are at the heart of the ongoing dispute with China in the South China Sea.
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