ASEAN KEY DESTINATIONS
Vietnam's economy gets positive EU review
The Green Book is an annual publication that is jointly developed and publicised by the Ha Noi-based EU Commercial Counselors. It provides an analysis of major developments and critical issues in Viet Nam's economy and key sectors.
This year's edition describes a relatively well performing economy in Viet Nam in 2010 despite heightened domestic and global economic uncertainty. The nation's annual growth of nearly 6.8 percent exceeded the Government's target of 6.5 percent, with significant increases in export revenues and industrial production value.
"The government of Viet Nam deserves praise for taking decisive action to mitigate the negative impacts of the global economic crisis during 2009 and early 2010," said Jean-Jacques Bouflet, Minister Counsellor/Head of the Trade and Economic Section of the EU Delegation to Viet Nam, at the launching ceremony.
"However, pursuing a pro-growth approach into late last year despite signs of overheating has had a significant negative impact on the macro economic issues," Bouflet said.
The book points to weaknesses in the economy: double-digit inflation, dwindling foreign reserves, erosion of public confidence in the local currency and widening trade and budget deficits. This prompted the government to adopt measures, including tighter fiscal and monetary policies, aimed at stabilising the economy.
He said the EU remained a strategic partner of Viet Nam in all aspects including trade, economics, investment and politics.
In terms of investment, despite the continuous decline of FDI (foreign direct investment) as a result of the global crisis, EU investors committed FDI worth US$2.25 billion in 2010, accounting for over 12 percent of the total $18.6 billion, making it the second biggest investor in Vietnam after Asean.
Viet Nam continued to enjoy a surplus of 4.9 billion euros (US$3.43 billion) in bilateral trade with the EU last year, a whopping 30 per cent rise from 2009, with exports increasing by nearly 38 percent to more than 9 billion euros.
"Indeed, trade with the EU contributes to easing Viet Nam's overall trade deficit," Bouflet said, noting the EU continued to be the most important overseas market for Vietnamese footwear (1.75 billion euros), fishery products (739.2 million euros), coffee (794.2 million euros) and wooden furniture (720.5 million euros).
The EU was also the second biggest overseas market for Vietnamese goods, absorbing nearly 20 per cent of all products exported from Viet Nam last year.
However, Bouflet said most of the Vietnamese exports to the EU currently enjoyed the generalised system of preference - a programme designed to promote economic growth in developing countries by providing preferential tariffs.
This could be changed in the future, as the EU proposed modification in GSP application to the member states which if ratified would take effect in 2014, he said.
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