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26 September 1991:
Photograph taken on the occasion of the State Banquet,
at Chakri Throne Hall in the Grand Palace, in honour of
Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress of Japan during the State Visit to Thailand between September 26 and 30, 1991

28 October 1996:
Photograph taken during the State Banquet given by
Their Majesties the King and Queen in honour of Her
Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and His Royal Highness the
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.



With deep respect and admiration, AseanAffairs magazine would like to present our heartfelt congratulations to HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who turns 82 on December 5, 2009.

The world’s longest reigning monarch is revered among the Thais and non-Thais for his proper adherence to the principles of "Dhamma", Buddhist teachings and the Buddhist concept of righteousness. His gentleness, his reserve, his modesty and his apparent detachment are qualities he has worked hard to perfect.

His Majesty is respected by his subjects – the rich and the poor alike – for the practical deeds he has contributed.

One such instance is the Sufficiency Economy - a philosophy bestowed on his subjects through royal remarks on many occasions over the past three decades.

In one his customary birthday speeches, His Majesty wished everyone in Thailand “sufficient to live and to eat” (Phor You Phor Kin).

“The development of a country must be by steps. It must start with basic sufficiency in food and adequate living, using techniques and instruments which are economical but technically sound. When this foundation is secured, then higher economic status and progress can be established.”

For more than six decades, the king has been demonstrating what is meant by the sufficiency concept through royal initiatives. Most records count almost three thousand development projects have been undertaken on royal initiatives. The principles and concepts that lie behind these projects have since then been widely scrutinised and discussed in Thailand and beyond.

(Note: Interviews with specialists and scholars on the Sufficiency Economy concept appeared in this column in the previous editions of AseanAffairs – July- August and September-October 2009)

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