September 29, 2008
UN General Assembly:
Indonesia calls for end to veto misuse
Indonesia underlines the need for a democratisation of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) by among others putting an end to the misuse of the veto right of its members, reported Antara news agency.
"The practice of misusing the veto right by the permanent members of the UNSC that often paralysed the council must no longer be allowed," Indonesian foreign minister Hassan Wirajuda told the 63rd UN General Assembly (UNGA) meeting Saturday.
Democratisation is one of the aspects that Indonesia has paid its attention to in the meeting besides issues of food crisis and climate change. Hassan said state sovereignty had to be protected if the world wants to see the spirit of democracy in international relations.
"This is important because without democracy a world organisation like the UN will not be effective," he said. "The failure of the Security Council so far in dealing with various challenges to global security was the result of its being still undemocratic," he said.
The minister said to make the Security Council more democratic, the exercise of a veto by the UN permanent members must be regulated. So far only the permanent members have a veto right, namely the US, the UK, France, Russia and China.
Democratisation in the Security Council also means distributing membership evenly namely not to geographical representation only, he said. "In view of that the majority of world civilization also has to be represented. The number of Moslems in the world reaching 1.1 billion needs to be represented in the Security Council if the Council really wants to be democratic," he said.
He said Indonesia also felt the importance of democratization at regional levels. "In the Association of Southeast Asian Naions (Asean) we have paid attention to it. We have changed Asean into a community committed to advancing democracy and human rights," he said.
In this context, the minister said Indonesia in December 2008 would launch a Bali Democracy Forum which is open to countries in Asia and the Pacific for an exchange of experience in developing democracy.