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NEWS UPDATES 5 November 2010

Myanmar's Internet "under attack"

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A massive cyber attack has crippled Internet services in Myanmar ahead of Sunday's election, IT experts and web service providers say, raising fears of a communications blackout for the vote.

Internet users in the military-ruled country have reported slow connections and sporadic outages for more than a week, and some suspect the ruling party may be intentionally disrupting services to block news flowing out.

Web service providers have blamed the troubles on outside attacks.

"Our technicians have been trying to prevent cyber attacks from other countries," a technician from Yatanarpon Teleport Co told AFP on condition of anonymity.

"We still do not know whether access will be good on election day," he added.

A technician from private web provider RedLink Communications Co said there was still intermittent loss of Internet connection.

"The technicians are trying to fix it... We cannot tell exactly when it will be back to full service," he said. "We don't know the source of the attack yet."

Experts say Myanmar's Internet system has been overwhelmed by a flood of incoming messages known as a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack.

US-based IT security firm Arbor Networks says the main state-owned Internet provider Myanmar Post and Telecommunications "suffered a large, sustained DDoS attack disrupting most network traffic in and out of the country."

The onslaught was "several hundred times" more than enough to overwhelm the country's terrestrial and satellite links, it estimated.

The motives for the attack were unclear, but "large-scale geo-politically motivated attacks - especially ones targeting an entire country - remain rare," Arbor Networks chief scientist Craig Labovitz wrote in a blog posting.

Some Internet users believe the authorities are intentionally slowing services ahead of Sunday's vote, the first in 20 years in Myanmar.

"Although they said the connection has been attacked, it's hard to believe. I think they have been doing it intentionally for the election day to delay news reaching the international community," said Kyaw Kyaw, a 25-year-old university student in the main city Yangon.

The polls have been widely criticised by pro-democracy activists and Western governments as being aimed simply at prolonging military rule under a civilian guise.

Foreign journalists and election monitors are not being allowed into the country for the election.

During monk-led protests in 2007, Myanmar's citizens used the web to leak extensive accounts and video to the outside world, prompting the regime to block Internet access.

Connections have also been slowed down on politically significant dates, such as the August 8 anniversary of a mass political uprising in 1988.

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