Sign up | Log in



Home  >>   Daily News  >>Myanmar>>Enviroment>>Assessing the Impact of Climate Change and its Potential Social and Political Implications for Bangladesh, India, and Myanmar.
NEWS UPDATES Asean Affairs     December 28,  2016  

Assessing the Impact of Climate Change and its Potential Social and Political Implications for Bangladesh, India, and Myanmar.

The increase in frequency of natural disasters such as cyclones, flooding, and extreme temperatures like El Nino in Myanmar, is a sounding alarm that climate change’s impacts on the country cannot be ignored. In fact, the consequences of climate change are predicted to hit the South and Southeast Asia Regions of the world the hardest, considering their locations in low-lying coastal areas and in the tropical storm areas. For the states in these regions, such as Myanmar, Bangladesh, and India, they are already facing, and will be facing social consequences of climate change such as scarcity in resources, and political impacts due to ecomigration resulting from climate change. Climate change can lead to ecomigration from the region with scarcity in resources, to region with more resources.

Compared to its neighbouring countries India and Bangladesh, Myanmar has more resources in terms of land and freshwater per capita. With India (population of 1.311 billion as of 2015) and Bangladesh (population of 161 million as of 2015), being among the top most populous nations of the world, there are possibilities that the added pressure of climate change’s consequences on the existing limited water and food resources for their populous, could force the citizens, especially from Bangladesh to migrate towards neighbouring India, and Myanmar. In the past, there had been migration from Bangladesh into India’s state of Assam and political tensions among the immigrants as well as the receiving populous had occurred. The previous political tensions as well as the lack of resources per capita available in India, could render the ecomigrants to move onto Myanmar.

However, despite its abundance of resources per capita compared to India and Bangladesh, Myanmar also has limited resources for its populous and climate change’s irregular weather patterns such as El Nino as well as the increase in occurrences of natural disasters, can affect food production as well as the availability of fresh water resources. This means that accommodating ecomigrants into the country could be a burden for Myanmar, especially in terms of resources.

Nevertheless, climate change transcends national boundaries, and its social and political effects can spill over. Thus, it is essential for governments of these three countries to cooperate in terms of sharing water resources as water boundaries span national boundaries whilst at the same time, to find and enforce sustainable means to achieve water and food securities within each country. Additionally, a dialogue on how to deal with potential ecomigration as well as to prevent the social and political conflicts that could arise from climate change is essential amongst the three countries.

For Myanmar, one possible coping mechanism towards ecomigration would be to seek help from wealthier nations and international donors in terms of economic assistance if Myanmar provides for the ecomigrants from Bangladesh. This method could relieve the economic strain Myanmar could face due to sharing of resources between the existing in-country population and the migrant population, whilst providing ecomigrants with a place to resettle to.

Myanmar also has to implement internal climate change mitigation policies to address the potential social and political impacts of climate change. Currently, Myanmar does not have a National Climate Change Strategy in place but it is in the process of adopting it in 2016 (McKinley et al., 2015).The previous government had issued Myanmar’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to climate change in 2012 (McKinley et al., 2015). This plan focuses on making communities resilient to climate change by emphasizing on producing climate resilient agriculture, and reforestation. The plan also proposes implementing early warning systems to better inform the citizens about imminent disasters. At the same time, it is equally important that the current government makes it a priority to come up with preventative measures to natural disasters rather than responding only when natural disasters strike.

A nation-wide umbrella study which encompasses each state and region’s vulnerability and risks to climate change impacts should be assessed. This would give a thorough understanding of the kinds of natural disasters that are frequent in specific regions and states and what should be done to prevent and mitigate consequences. Myanmar has five different geographic regions: Hilly, Delta, Dry Zone, Coastal, and Plain- so regional assessments should be carried out for each region because impacts of climate change on each region could vary. A vulnerability study, and customized emergency response plan should be conducted for each geographic region, prior to developing climate change preventative measures. Periodical scenario-based exercises should be conducted in order t

Reach Southeast Asia!
10- Nations, 560- Million Consumers
And $1 -Trillion Market
We are the Voice of Southeast Asia Media Kit
The only Media Dedicated to Southeast Asia Advertising Rates for Magazine
Online Ad Rates

Comment on this Article. Send them to

Letters that do not contain full contact information cannot be published.
Letters become the property of AseanAffairs and may be republished in any format.
They typically run 150 words or less and may be edited
submit your comment in the box below

Today's  Stories                           December 28, 2016 Subsribe Now !
• Assessing the Impact of Climate Change and its Potential Social and Political Implications for Bangladesh, India, and Mya Subcribe: Asean Affairs Global Magazine
• Bintang Oto Global, Sillo Maritime Perdana show strong performance as IDX newcomers
• Tax authority promotes national online tax refund 
Research Reports
on Thailand 2007-2008

• Textiles and Garments Industry
• Coffee industry
• Leather and footwear industry
• Shrimp industry

• Cement producers see dim outlook for 2017
• Tax authority promotes national online tax refund
Asean Analysis                  December 16,, 2016
• Asean Analysis  December 16, 2016
Southeast Asia Challenges for the Incoming Administration
Advertise Your Brand

Asean Stock Watch   December 26, 2016
• Asean Stock Watch-December 26, 2016
The Biweekly Update
• The Biweekly Update  December 16, 2016

ASEAN NEWS UPDATES      Updated: 04 January 2011

 • Women Shariah scholars see gender gap closing
• Bank Indonesia may hold key rate as inflation hits 7 percent
• Bursa Malaysia to revamp business rules
• Private property prices hit new high in Singapore • Bangkok moves on mass transport
• Thai retailers are upbeat
• Rice exports likely to decline • Vietnamese PM projects 10-year socioeconomic plan


This year in Thailand-what next?

AseanAffairs   04 January 2011
By David Swartzentruber      

It is commonplace in journalism to write two types of articles at the transition point between the year that has passed and the New Year. As this writer qualifies as an “old hand” in observing Thailand with a track record dating back 14 years, it is time take a shot at what may unfold in Thailand in 2011.

The first issue that can’t be answered is the health of Thailand’s beloved King Bhumibol, who is now 83 years old. He is the world's longest reigning monarch, but elaborate birthday celebrations in December failed to mask concern over his health. More






1.  Verifier

1. Verifier

For security purposes, we ask that you enter the security code that is shown in the graphic. Please enter the code exactly as it is shown in the graphic.
Your Code
Enter Code

Home | About Us | Contact Us | Special Feature | Features | News | Magazine | Events | TV | Press Release | Advertise With us

| Terms of Use | Site Map | Privacy Policy  | DISCLAIMER |

Version 5.0
Copyright © 2006-2019 TIME INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT ENTERPRISES CO., LTD. All rights reserved.
Bangkok, Thailand