YOGYAKARTA: AN EXPERIENCE
Start from the city
Yogyakarta, the fascinating city with its surrounding jungles, rice fi elds and mountains, lies in the heart of Indonesia’s most important ancient empires. Start with the city itself.
Visit the impressive Sultan’s Palace (the Kraton) under the watchful, but friendly eyes, of a hundred palace guards in their traditional and distinctive uniforms. Tour its bustling markets and avenues and purchase arts and crafts created by Java’s fi nest craftsmen and painters.
To learn Yogyakarta is to experience it. Head for the countryside and marvel at some of ancient Asia’s grandest wonder - the great 8th to 10th century Hindu and Buddhist temples of Prambanan, Borobudur and their subsidiary candis (temple) and shrines that dot the Javanese countryside.
bordered on the south by the Indian Ocean, and to the north by a chain of volcanoes of which meeting Merapi, some 27 kms away, can be seen as a dramatic background to the city skyline.
Geographically located almost equidistant from Indonesia’s two most important international gateways, about 600 kms from Jakarta and 1000 kms from Bali, Yogyakarta has
excellent transport connections by bus, train or plane to the rest of Java, Sumatera, Bali & Lombok.
The average daily temperature range between 26 degree and 28 degree Celsius with its minimum 18 degree C and maximum 35 degree C respectively. Average humidity is 74 percent with its minimum of 65 percent and maximum 84 percent respectively. Having a tropic climate the daily atmosphere feels a little bit hot and humid. These are only two seasons along the year, the wet or rainy seasons and dry monsoon. Usually the wet seasons begin at September and lasts about August. Generally there is no rainfalls from May to August and therefore the atmosphere feels hot and humid on the day and cool in the night and early morning.
In the beginning
Earliest recorded history shows the region from the 9th century was dominated by Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms that gave rise to the magnifi cent temples such as Prambanan, Ratu Boko, Kalasan, Sambisari and Borobudur found in this area.
Yogyakarta itself dates back to the 18th century. In the early 18th century, the Muslim Mataram Kingdom of the time was ruled by Pakubuwono II. After he passed away, there was a confl ict between his son and his brother which was encouraged by the Dutch who were trying to colonise the region on a ‘divide and rule’ basis.
After the independence of the Republic of Indonesia was proclaimed, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII launched a statement that the Kasultanan and Kadipaten (the two royal regions), belonged to the Republic of Indonesia as a part of the whole area of the Indonesia Republic. Since then, it has been known as Yogyakarta
Special Region and was given provincial status in 1950 in recognition of its important role in the fi ght for independence.
This is all part of the living culture of Yogyakarta and colour of daily activities of life and behavior of the local inhabitants, particularly the Javanese community with its traditional way of life and customs. Therefore, because of its cultural richness and heritage, Yogyakarta has long been known as the cradle of Javanese culture.