ASEAN KEY DESTINATIONS
Protectionism - biggest threat to recovery
The speakers argued the current pace of economic recovery, which largely relies on the robust economic growth of emerging economies in Asia, would not be enough to establish the foundation for more sustainable growth and rebalance the global economy.
Victor K. Fung, chairman of global trading giant Li Fung Group and an honorary chairman to the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), said the world economy was still in the process of recovery, stipulating the recovery was progressing very slowly.
“The demand is not coming back strongly. Demand in the U.S. would have to recover if we want to have sustainable recovery. The biggest risk is rising protectionism,” Fung said at a plenary session at the forum, under the theme “Asia 21: Leading The Way Forward”.
A research issued by ICC late last month shows that over the last two years all G20 economies have implemented various protectionist trade measures. By September 2009, the G20 were responsible for 172 such measures being implemented, with hundreds more “in the pipeline”. If only half the upcoming measures were to actually take effect, the world could see a global cycle of protectionist retaliation not seen since the Great Depression, the research argues. Protectionist trade measures meant to protect jobs, the research says, have the opposite effect as other countries either emulate or retaliate against them. It estimates that the 43,000 jobs that the US government claimed to be saved by the “Buy American” legislation could result in a loss of more than 200,000 jobs because of foreign emulation or retaliation.
Russia, the United States, India, Argentina and Brazil are the five most protectionist countries based on measures implemented from 2008-2009 and those “in the pipeline”. The least protectionist countries are Mexico, Turkey, Australia, South Korea, South Africa and Saudi Arabia.
“Protectionism continues to rise. One great confidence builder would be the completion of the Doha round. The G20 should not forget the role of the multilateral trading system in laying the foundations for a sustainable growth,” Fund said.
Toyota president for Asia Pacific Eiji Hirano shared Fung’s concern on protectionism. He said avoiding protectionism should be a target for all countries, including those in Asia.
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