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NEWS UPDATES 13 July 2010

Asia-Pacific maintains growth in energy use

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Amid last year’s decline in global primary energy consumption, Asia-Pacific countries, led by China and India, recorded a 4.4 percent increase in consumption as a result of energy-intensive stimulus packages, BP told the Jakarta Post.

According to data from BP, the Asia-Pacific region’s energy consumption reached 4,147.2 million tons of oil equivalent (mtoe) in 2009, up from 3,985 mtoe in 2008.

In late 2008, the governments of China and India, as well as several other industrializing countries in the region, initiated major domestic infrastructure projects to avert impacts of the global financial crisis.

Those projects successfully stimulated an increase in energy demand for energy-intensive products such as cement and steel.

BP data shows that China’s primary energy consumption grew by 8.7 percent, from 2,007.4 mtoe in 2008 to 2,177 mtoe in 2009. Bangladesh’s consumption reached 22.9 mtoe in 2009, an 8.2 percent increase from 21.3 mtoe in the previous year. India’s consumption also increased by 6.6 percent, from 441.1 mtoe in 2008 to 468.9 mtoe last year. Within the same period, Indonesia also recorded 3.1 percent growth, from 124.7 mtoe to 128.2 mtoe.

The data also shows that in 2009 global primary energy consumption fell by 1.1 percent to 11,164.3 mtoe, from 11,315.2 mtoe the previous year, the first recorded decline since 1982. The decline was most severe in the Europe and Eurasia regions, where consumption dropped by 6 percent to 2,770 mtoe in 2009 from 2,955.8 in the previous year. The North American region’s consumption also fell by 4.7 percent to 2,664.4 mtoe last year, from 2,804.1 mtoe in 2008. The decline in global energy consumption had been caused by the 2 percent contraction in the global economy in 2009, BP group chief economist and vice president Christof Ruhl said at the BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2010 presentation in Jakarta on Monday.

“Geographically, energy demand fell in every region of the world, except the Middle East and Asia-Pacific,” he said.

Ruhl said natural gas experienced the most severe decline last year, falling 2.1 percent or 64 mtoe (from 2,717.3 mtoe in 2008 to 2,653.1 mtoe in 2009). Oil consumption came second, falling by 1.7 percent or 78 mtoe (from 3,959.9 mtoe in 2008 to 3,882.1 mtoe in 2009). “Global coal consumption stayed flat, but the aggregate hides unusually large movement in opposite directions,” Ruhl said.

OECD member states, the European Union and former Soviet Union saw the largest declines in coal consumption, he added.

However, coal consumption grew only in China and India to support their infrastructure and industrial projects, whose growth, if combined, was more than enough to counterbalance the declines in the rest of the world.

Authorities have previously warned the party would be sued for libel over its recent article and could face other consequences if it continued to publish the newspaper. Opposition officials have defended the article, saying it was fair comment. Publishers that distribute banned material can have their equipment seized and be charged under laws that provide for prison sentences of up to three years.

The papers are run by the three parties in Anwar's opposition alliance, which hopes to win power in general elections scheduled to be held by 2013.

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