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NEWS UPDATES 19 August 2010

Jakarta’s population beats forecast

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The Central Statistics Agency (BPS) revealed the city’s population had reached 9.5 million, or 4 percent of the country’s total population of 237.6 million. “The total population in the city is 9,588,198 people, with 3 percent more males in the ratio of male to female,” agency head Agus Suherman said.

The figure exceeds a prediction of 8.9 million people in 2010 published on the Jakarta BPS’s official website. It even surpasses the city’s predicted 2025 population of 9.2 million.

The census, if accurate, reveals a 14.4 percent growth on the 8.3 million people tallied in the previous nationwide census in 2000. That figure had only grown by 1.8 percent from figures collated in 1990.

Agus said Jakarta’s 662-square-kilometer area had a population density of 14,476 people per square kilometer.

He said of the five municipalities, excluding the Thousand Islands regency, Central Jakarta has the highest density with 18,676 people per square kilometer.

Central Jakarta, however, was home to the fewest people, with a population of only 898,883, compared to East Jakarta with 2.6 million people.

Agus said detailed analyses for the cause of the high population had not yet been made available. “We will finish all analyses, including demographic structures and housing conditions, by December,” he said.

Meanwhile, a senior researcher from the University of Indonesia’s Demography Institute, Djainal Abidin, said the city’s soaring population was likely caused by a lower mortality rate thanks to improvements to healthcare, a higher birth rate and increased urbanization.

“The most dominant factor is urbanization. As people from other parts of the country migrate to Jakarta, they also build families here, increasing the population,” he said.

According to BPS data in 2005, West Java tops the list of places of origin of migrants moving into Jakarta with 1.1 million people, followed by Banten with 482,399 people and Central Java with 99,986 people.

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