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The Venerable Chao Khun
Phra Mongkol-Thepmuni (Sodh Candasaro)

The Late Abbot of Wat Paknam Bhasicharoen
A Biography


Luang Phor Sod

       The Master of the Vijja Dhammakaya approach, the late Venerable Cho Khun Phra Mongkol-Thepmuni, is fondly known and revered throughout Thailand as Luang Phor Wat Paknam, or simply as Luang Phor.

Luang Phor was born October 10, 1884 (B.E. 2427) to a humble rice-merchant family of Supanburi Province, as Sodh, the second child of Nai Ngern and Nang Sudjai Meekaewnoi.

As was typical in those days, young Sodh received his education from the temples. At fourteen, when his father died, he became the chief bread winner for the family, Successful as he was in rice trading, at age nineteen the compassionate young man resolved to become a monk (bhikkhu) for life.

Having made arrangements to ensure his mother's welfare, the young man entered monkhood three years later in July 1906 (B.E. 2449). At the age of twenty two, he was ordained as Candasaro Bhikkhu at Wat Songpeenong, near his home. Phra Ajahn Dee of Wat Pratusarn, Supanburi, was his main preceptor.

The day after his ordination, Candasaro Bhikkhu began meditation practice and study of Pali scriptures. In search of deeper and wider knowledge, he moved from Wat Songpeenong to Wat Bodhi (Wat Phra Chetupon Vimonmangkalaram) in Bangkok. There, he frequented the centers of meditation practice and Pali study.

Soon, Luang Phor was recognised by his teachers, Phra Khru Yanavirati (Po) of Wat Bodhi and Phra Ajahn Singha of Wat Lakorn Tham, as an accomplished meditation instructor.

During those early dry seasons, Luang Phor adopted Dhutanga vatra, the austere practices for purification such as wandering in solitude through the forest wilderness, staying in caves and practicing the Dhamma with piety.       

After ten years, Luang Phor set aside his informal study of Pali Scriptures, having then been able to read the Maha-Satipatthana Sutta. Thereafter, he devoted himself totally to meditation practice.   

Luang Phor spent the next Buddhist Lent at Wat Bang Khoo Vieng, on Bangkok Noi Canal, where his benefactor, Phra Ajahn Choom, was the abbot. There, at nightfall on the full-moon day of September, in his twelfth year as a Bhikkhu, Luang Phor prepared himself for meditation in uposatha.

He invoked illumination and guidance, and made a vow dedicating his life to Buddhism. Luang Phor vowed not to rise from his seat in front of the Buddha statue until he was permitted to attain some understanding of the Dhamma as discerned by the Buddha.

With his mind set and its components of vision, memory, thought and cognition all at rest at the center of his body, two finger-breadths above the navel, Luang Phor was able to penetrate the full depths of the Dhamma as it was revealed to and by the Buddha.

That revelation of the Dhamma and ever more refined Dhammakayas (Dhamma bodies) was so profound that it was only possible when the mind was at rest at the body's center.

After lent, Luang Phor went to teach at Wat Bang Pla, where three monks and four laymen who followed his meditation procedure were also able to attain various degrees of insight. Thereafter, Luang Phor gradually became renowned throughout Thailand.

Somdej Phra Vanarat, Head of Bhasicharoen Sangha District, spotted Luang Phor's potential and requested him to assume the Abbotship of Wat Paknam Bhasicharoen. This was a neglected and deteriorating monastery erected five centuries earlier.

Luang Phor wanted to decline this request, but he could not. With utmost patience and remarkable leadership, Luang Phor gradually rebuilt the monastery until it is today one of the largest and most important monasteries in the land.

In 1949 (B.E. 2492), Luang Phor received the ecclesiastical rank of Phra Bhavana-Kosolthera. This was followed by the title of Phra Mongkol-Rajmuni, and in 1957 (B.E. 2500) by the title Phra Mongkol-Thepmuni.  

Vijja Dhammakaya, the revelation of the Dhamma as attained by Luang Phor, was the heart of his teaching. His service to Buddhism can be seen from his regular routine:      

•    Meditating day and night with bhikkhus and upasikas in different sessions
•    Leading bhikkhus and samaneras in the uposatha every morning and evening, paying homage to the Triple Gems and ending with a sermon
•    Teaching public meditation practice every Thursday at 2.00 pm
•    Delivering Public sermons on holy days (Uposatha or Wan Phra) and Sundays

•    Supervising the Pali Institute

Thus, Luang Phor devoted his time and effort almost exclusively to teaching meditation. His disciples multiplied into the thousands. It was not uncommon for revered bhikkhus in far corners of the country, who apparently never met Luang Phor, to know him well and to respect him as their mentor.

His decease at the age of seventy-five, on February 3rd, 1959 (B.E. 2502) was just a pause for the immortal master. His life should serve to remind other mortals to pursue their own obligations to the Noble Path carefully. Luang Phor's teachings live on, manifesting the Ultimate Righteous Truth.

Written byPhra Bhavana-Kosolthera (Veera Ganuttamo) (Now Phrarajbrahmathera)
Deputy Abbot, Meditation master, and Director of Meditation Affairs, Wat Paknam

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Copyright © 2006-2019 TIME INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT ENTERPRISES CO., LTD. All rights reserved.
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