Sign up | Log in



Home  >>  Daily News  >>  ASEAN ANALYSIS


Asean Affairs    13  October  2011

Feeding the world in 2050

Adapted from an article by Dr. Papa Abdoulaye Seck, director general of the Africa Rice Center

AseanAffairs     13  October 2011

Related Stories

October 12,2011
China and Vietnam patch things up

October 11,2011
Myanmar to release prisoners

October 10,2011

October 7,2011
Tsunami warning is tested

October 6,2011
Tsunami warning is tested

October 5,2011
Is dam rejection a milestone for Myanmar?

The world population is expected to increase. Much of this increase will be concentrated in developing countries, with sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) leading the way, as its population is estimated to double from 770 million in 2005 to 1.5 billion by 2050. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), global food production must increase by 70 percent to feed the world—a challenge that has never been as demanding as now, in the face of climate change and soaring food prices, which inflict serious damage on the food security of the poorest households.

Moreover, the rate of yield growth of major cereal crops dropped from 3.2 percent per year in 1960 to 1.5 percent in 2000. While environmental degradation heightens in several parts of the world, the potential for an increased use of agriculturally critical natural resources such as land and water is declining. Climate change is aggravating the severity and uncertainty of weather events.

Lessons learned from the past indicate that advances in science and technology can expand the world’s agricultural frontier and sufficient food can be produced to nourish the growing population in the future.

The SSA will play a significant role in global food security in the coming decades. Unlike Asia and Europe, where the availability of potential land and water for agriculture is declining, Africa still has a large reservoir of under-used agricultural land and water resources.

Only 150 million hectares out of the total cultivable area of 875 million hectares are currently harvested. The continent is using about 4 percent of its water resources and has annual renewable water resources of about 5.4 trillion cubic meters.

Moreover, several staple food crops are produced at competitive costs in SSA. The recent upward trends in agricultural commodity prices reinforce the competitiveness of agricultural production in SSA.

To feed around 9 billion people in 2050 agriculture in developing countries needs a net investment of about US$83 billion per year, says FAO. In the last two decades, agriculture was neglected by both developing countries and donors. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development estimates that official development assistance to agriculture fell by 43 percent between the mid-1980s and 2008.

In SSA, agriculture remains a powerful engine for economic growth, food security, and poverty reduction, accounting for 35 percent of GDP, 75 percent of employment, and 40 percent of exports. Estimates say that a dollar of farm income increases the overall economy (e.g., $1.88 in Burkina Faso and $1.48 in Zambia). Despite this, SSA governments have failed to prioritize the sector and to reverse decades of policy bias against agricultural production.

In 2003, African countries adopted the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme in Maputo, Mozambique, and pledged to increase agricultural spending by at least 10 percentof the total government budget by 2008. But, only eight countries have reached the 10% budget quota for agriculture, and the continent’s average is only 4–6 percent.

Without consistent investment in its own domestic agricultural resources, SSA cannot fully seize the opportunity for transforming this strategic sector.

To feed the world in 2050, an intelligent combination of four factors is essential: appropriate technologies, good infrastructure, favorable economic and institutional environment, and the preservation of natural resources. Only then can science be certain of making the greatest impact on resource-poor farmers and the burgeoning urban population in 2050.

Reach Southeast Asia!
10- Nations, 560- Million Consumers
And $1 -Trillion Market
We are the Voice of Southeast Asia Media Kit
The only Media Dedicated to Southeast Asia Advertising Rates for Magazine
  Online Ad Rates

Comment on this Article. Send them to

Letters that do not contain full contact information cannot be published.
Letters become the property of AseanAffairs and may be republished in any format.
They typically run 150 words or less and may be edited
submit your comment in the box below




1.  Verifier

1. Verifier

For security purposes, we ask that you enter the security code that is shown in the graphic. Please enter the code exactly as it is shown in the graphic.
Your Code
Enter Code

Today's  Stories    13  October  2011 Subsribe Now !
• FDI rises 250 percent in Cambodia Subcribe: Asean Affairs Global Magazine
• Glencore to rescue Bakrie Group Asean Affairs Premium

• Earthquake off Bali

Research Reports
on Thailand 2007-2008

•Textiles and Garments Industry

•Coffee industry

•Leather and footwear industry

•Shrimp industry

• Water institute opens office in Laos
• Thai floods impact Malaysian firm
• Mining permits approved
• Lack of funds for high-tech

• Flood disaster in one-third of Thailand


Asean Analysis              13  October  2011

Advertise Your Brand
• Feeding the world in 2050 Sponsor Our Events

Asean Stock Watch      13  October  2011

• Asean Stock Watch-October 13 p

ASEAN NEWS UPDATES      Updated: 04 January 2011

 • Women Shariah scholars see gender gap closing
• Bank Indonesia may hold key rate as inflation hits 7 percent

• Bursa Malaysia to revamp business rules
• Private property prices hit new high in Singapore • Bangkok moves on mass transport
• Thai retailers are upbeat
• Rice exports likely to decline
• Vietnamese PM projects 10-year socioeconomic plan


This year in Thailand-what next?

AseanAffairs   04 January 2011
By David Swartzentruber      

It is commonplace in journalism to write two types of articles at the transition point between the year that has passed and the New Year. As this writer qualifies as an “old hand” in observing Thailand with a track record dating back 14 years, it is time take a shot at what may unfold in Thailand in 2011.

The first issue that can’t be answered is the health of Thailand’s beloved King Bhumibol, who is now 83 years old. He is the world's longest reigning monarch, but elaborate birthday celebrations in December failed to mask concern over his health. More


Home | About Us | Contact Us | Special Feature | Features | News | Magazine | Events | TV | Press Release | Advertise With us

| Terms of Use | Site Map | Privacy Policy  | DISCLAIMER |

Version 5.0
Copyright © 2006-2020 TIME INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT ENTERPRISES CO., LTD. All rights reserved.
Bangkok, Thailand